Projets:Vesc tool setup

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Project overview

This project presents in details how to configure a VESC board (Vedder Electronic Speed Control) :

  • Make the wiring and the required electrical connections to use this electronic board in order to control an electrical bike engine (as well as other types of engines such as DC, brushless)
  • Configure an electronic VESC board with a dedicated program (VESC Tool) in order to control an electrical bike engine with an electrical scooter type accelerator throttle.

Special thanks

The VESC card and the VESC Tool were designed by Benjamin Vedder VESC Project


Merci/Thanks/Danke Schön Benjamin Vedder :)

Warning

  • /!\ Do not unplug the engine when the battery is plugged in !
  • Reversing is not possible with this type of engine.

When you attempt to reverse with your installed device, the engine opposes a resistance, this is supposed to happen. There is way to facilitate reversing through special settings indicated by the acronym (M.Ar).

Moreover, the implementation of a master switch that cuts the main power (Safety circuit breaker) will hold the engine at rest. You will then be able to reverse.


  • In the program, when you have a number with a decimal, you must use a comma (example: -0,10) and not a dot (-0.10).

Useful links


  • Realization of the mechanical part (First version) : Mécanique V1 NOTE : This solution is not retained because it is too difficult to set up and remove.
  • The second version is similar to the third version. It is however less aesthetic. It is therefore not described here.
  • Realization of the mechanical part (Third version) : Mécanique V3

Design brief

For who : For all individuals who wish to enhance their mobility using an electrical bike engine.

For what : For children's bikes, hemiplegic quadricycles, scooters to tow wheelchairs (trotti)

How : By inserting an engine in the wheel using a Dibond flange (Documentation in the works) and by controlling the engine with a dedicated electronic card (VESC).

How much : Thanks to our partnership with La petite Rennes we can provide you with a battery free of charge, a battery charger and an electrical bike engine. In exchange you will be asked to take photos and make videos of your work in order to showcase your project.

You will nonetheless have to purchase components on the internet:

  • 1 VESC card: VESC electronic card
  • 1 cable for the hall effect sensors : TORQUE ESC Sensor Wires $6.99 (you only need to check the corresponding checkbox after you've bought the card)
  • The handle of an electrical scooter : Handle
  • 2 Manfrotto clamps to connect the chassis on your chair: Manfrotto clamps

Where : At the Humanlab or at a FabLab near you : FabLab maps by Makery

Existing prototype(s) analysis

There are several existing devices with the same function, here is a non-comprehensive list of these devices:

Models purchasable on the market :

"Do it yourself" model :

Team (Project leaders and contributors)

  • Project leader : Guillaume (Trotti), DomiBike, Lila ...
  • Contributors : Christian, Delphine, Julien, Super DD
  • Referent Fabmanager : Yohann
  • Documentation manager : Delphine

Required components

Mandatory

  • Prepared VESC card Version 4.12: VESC electronic card
  • VESC Tool Free program (v 0.95 is used here): https://www.vesc-project.com/vesc_tool
  • 1 acceleration handle. (There are several other control options such as Nunchuck, Potentiometer, wireless etc.)
  • 1 electrical bike brushless engine 250 WATTS documentation of the engine in the wheel Motorisation_roue
  • 1 bike battery
  • Crimp terminals adapted to JST connectors
  • mini-USB DATA cable
  • 1 female JST connector P:2mm Step:2mm, 6 points
  • 1 female JST connector P:2mm Step:2mm, 7 points
  • Heavier gauge silicone cable (10AWG, 5mm2) for powering
  • Flat or mixed open-end 5/8ths wrench (number 15 spanner) for the securing nuts of the engine on the fork
  • Screw, nut 5mm diameter to secure the bike battery support


cost-efficient alternative to the VESC card NOT TESTED

  • There are other engine controlling electronic boards that are 10 times cheaper but these cannot be reprogrammed. This means you cannot select the speed at which the vehicle goes nor adjust the acceleration curve, you can find these here:

ESC low cost banggood

ESC low cost amazon


Optional

  • Stabilized powering to test if you don't have a battery
  • Additional cabling for extension cables if needed
  • Cable gland to seal the cable feedthrough


Pictures of the components

Required tools

  • Soldering iron (Powerful enough to work with heavy gauge cables)
  • Tin
  • Heat shrink sleeve
  • Crimping tool

Cost

  • VESC board + Hall effect sensor cable = 92 $
  • Battery + Charger + brushless motor = 0€ thanks to "La petite Rennes"
  • Clamp bracket : 15€ x 2 = 30 €
  • Acceleration handle = 8 €

Fabrication time

Fabrication time is given on an indicative basis and may vary, ref : Murphy's Law

  • Metallic chassis fabrication : 1 to 2 days (working hours)
  • First installation of the completed device (Chassis + electronic component) on the chair : 2 to 3 hours
  • Wiring set up : 1 to 2 hours
  • Programming process of the board : 1 to 2 hours
  • Installation of the completed device on the chair with practice : 5 to 10 minutes

Source files

You will find our Configuration Settings in the provided ZIP file as of July 4th, 2019:

XML file : Motor configuration

XML file : App configuration

File:4-7-19.zip

Electronic component : VESC board preparation

Overview schematics

FW 02 wiring.jpg


--> WARNING - (This step is now obsolete since we've chosen a new board provider)<-- - Wiring if use of a naked VESC board

Strip and tin the power supply wires and then cut back so that the stripped wires are not too long.

BALa0ZVr o.jpg QI4Jvynz o.jpg



Wrap the capacitor's lugs (holding parts) and then solder them (WARNING You have to solder the capacitor according to its polarity. The + (longest lug) on the red wire and the - (shortest lug) on the black. Then check the continuity of the wire with a multimeter and the insulation of one wire in relation to the other.

YLaFF5AM o.jpg BNy8yi8P o.jpg


Solder the power supply wires to the board by first putting tin on the + and - terminals and then placing the wires directly on them.

P2jZXvcJ o.jpg Wr20V0Ep o.jpg Z319LbTM o.jpg


Tin the other two extremities of the wires.

QHpaYd3K o.jpg GqRkBPJE o.jpg


Tin the three ends on the board, then the two ends of the cables that will feed the three electromagnetic coils of the motor (three-phase cables).

Mui7MH74 o.jpg Zgn3aFPt o.jpg


Solder them flat on the three previously tinned ends of the board.

MtdZoe8O o.jpg


-->End of the obsolete step<--

Fabrication of the necessary wiring

  • Wiring connections from the motor to the board

Connections cables moteur carte.JPG


  • Link the battery to the VESC board and implementation of a killswitch (emergency stop button)
  • Handle with the adapted connector
  • Wiring for the Hall effect sensors

Placing the card in its dedicated housing

(Pictures soon)

Programming the electronic board

Preliminary step

///////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////

To enter the software in the board you will need to connect the board via usb AND power it from the bike battery (or a laboratory power supply) thanks to the 2 black and red wires.

///////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////


ESC

The Electronic Speed Controler) is used to manage the operation of the engine.

Step by step software configuration

You will first need to download the software, you will need to purchase it ... for 0€ But you can also support the project by purchasing the software VESC Tool

Open the VESC Tool software.

A picture is worth a thousand explanations! You will be able to edit the tabs by following the mouse cursor on the images.

You might get a message the first time you open the software on udev rules. Click Yes to install them.


Install udev rules.png


Install udev rules 2.png


Install udev rules 3.png


VESC Tool>Connection tab

In Connections tab>USB Serial, click on Refresh serial port list (Baud Option on 115200)


Connection-Serial-refresh.png


If no port is detected, leave the USB cable plugged in, and restart the software.

Then click the Connection icon.


Connection-connection.png


If you get the following error message, you will need to update the firmware (see next step)


Connectionmessage-erreur.png


VESC Tool>Firmware tab>Included File

Click on the Firmware tab


5 Firmware.png


See the original documentation in English if needed. Documentation

WARNING: the wrong firmware can permanently damage the board if it is not the right firmware! Select the board version in the left window (V 4.12) and VESC_default.bin in the right window.

Upload the VESC firmware VESC_default.bin corresponding to hardware v4.12.


6 Televerser Firmware.png


Information message: the card configuration will be overwritten by the new firmware.


7 Firmware alerte effacement.png


Once the new firmware is uploaded, please wait the required 10 seconds and then disconnect the power from the board.


8 Firmware upload 10seconds wait.png


Message informing that the Firmware is uploaded. Wait for at least 10 seconds, then disconnect the USB and then reconnect.


10 Firmware message reboot.png


Reconnect the board


Connection-connection.png


VESC Tool>Motor settings>General

We will now configure the board for our engine by selecting Motor settings>General from the left menu.


11 MS General.png


VESC Tool>Motor settings>General>Current

12 MS General Current.png


VESC Tool>Motor settings>General>Voltage

In the "Battery Cutoff Calculator" window at the bottom of the main window, enter 12 cells if you are using Arcade bike batteries. Otherwise refer to the documentation of the batteries you are using. Click Apply to confirm.


13 MS General Voltage.png


14 MS General Voltage Apply.png


VESC Tool>Motor settings>General>RPM

Indicate the maximum value of motor rotation in the MAX ERPM parameter (12000RPM here) (revolutions per minute). If you want to limit the speed of your device this is where it is controlled, feel free to test it.

- (M.Ar) - If you want to facilitate reversing (free wheel to allow reversing) you have to indicate this value in the max ERPM reverse box : -0,10


15 MS General RPM.png


VESC Tool>Motor settings>Wattage

Indicate the power of your engine in the Maximum Wattage box: 250W here

- (M.Ar) : you need to indicate this value in the Maximum Breaking Wattage box : -0,1W


16 MS General wattage.png

VESC Tool>Motor settings>Temperature

There is nothing to change on the Temperature tab.


17 MS General Temperature.png

VESC Tool>Motor settings>Advanced

There is nothing to change in the Advanced tab.


18 MS General Advanced.png


VESC Tool>Motor settings>BLDC>General

On the left menu go to: Motor settings > BLDC then on the central window select the General tab. Copy the parameters of the following picture. In the Sensormode setting choose "Sensored".


19.png


In the bottom window on the "detect BLDC parameters" tab :


20 MS BLDC General Detect.png


Click on the icon of the triangle in a circle (play icon) (WARNING: this will start the engine).

Make sure that the motor is not under load (that nothing brakes it or prevents it from functioning).


If you use the MHK power bench, the belt must not be tensioned at all.


21 MS BLDC General Detect message.png


You get the hall sensor table of your motor (you can record and archive these parameters) :


22 MS BLDC General Detected.png


Follow-up of the obtained result:


23 MS BLDC General Detected.png

VESC Tool>Motor settings>BLDC>sensorless

Sensorless tab : it is not useful since we do not use the Hall sensors of the motor

VESC Tool>Motor settings>BLDC>Sensors

Sensors tab: Click on Apply, and the table automatically fills itself with the right values


24 MS BLDC sensors.png


26 MS BLDC sensors apply.png

Save the motor configuration

'This step is used to memorize your configuration in the VESC board.

In the right-hand menu, click on the button : Write motor configuration


28 Write Motor Config.png

VESC Tool>App settings>BLDC>General

29 AS General.png


For the setting "App to use" : Select "ADC"


30 AS General App2UseADC.png

VESC Tool>App settings>ADC>General

- General Tab : Select Duty Cycle

OR

- (M.Ar) - Select Duty Cycle Reverse Center (which allows to reverse without the wheel preventing it)


31 AS ADC General.png


VESC Tool>App settings>ADC>Mapping

Mapping Tab : You will need to configure your gas handle (acceleration handle)


32 AS ADC mapping.png


In the right column activate the RT and RT APP icons (you will consequently see the values in real time).


35 RT RT APP.png


In the bottom window: ADC Voltage Mapping : select "Duty Cycle" or "Duty Cycle Reverse Center ((M.Ar) if you chose to have this option by implementing the switch that allows to toggle from one mode to the other (normal mode and freewheel mode)


36 AS ADC Mapping DutyCyclereversecenter.png


If you chose Duty Cycle Reverse Center : - Press the min and max reset button


39 AS ADC Mapping ResetMinMax.png


Set the selection button (switch) to M Ar to reach the minimum (that is 0V) : Photo 41


41 AS ADC Mapping ResetMinMax bouton M ar.png


Then set the button (switch) to normal mode and turn the accelerator to the minimum and maximum to reach the threshold values:

Click on "Apply"

View beforehand


43 AS ADC Mapping ResetMinMax bouton M ar.png


Afterwards view


44 AS ADC Mapping ResetMinMax bouton M ar.png


In the right menu, save with the Write App Configuration button


45 Write App Config.png

FINALISATION Motor Settings>Additional infos

In the left column, go to : Motor settings / Additionnal infos : photo 46


46 Motor Settings Additional Infos.png


Fill in the fields with the details: change the number of cells, the weight, the brand of the engine, which matches with your configuration. .


50 Motor Settings Additional Infos MotorGeneral.png


Add a description to remember your configuration


51Motor Settings Additional Infos Description.png


Save by clicking on "Write motor config" in the right menu

- Write motor config


28 Write Motor Config.png


And there you go! Your board is ready to be installed on your vehicle!

YAY ! :D